The art of training a person, especially a child or adolescent, by developing one’s physical, intellectual and moral qualities, so as to enable him to face his personal and social life with a sufficiently fulfilled personality; p. meson.,means implemented to ensure this training. The strong Puritan education by which my parents had shaped my childhood ( Gide , Journal, 1923 , 776). The education of children, the formation or direction of the individual ( Carrel , Homely, 1935 , p.
1. I have an only son whom I do not want to raise in the provinces; I would not like to put him in boarding school in the capital: so try to find me in the neighborhood a college, or any other house of education , where I can be sure that my son will receive an education as profitable to his heart as to his mind. Joy , The Hermit of the Chanteuse daunting, t. 4 , 1813 , p. 3.
SYN. Christian education, liberal; education and instruction, and habit; education system; to educate someone, to redo his education; supervised education *.
– P. ext. [About a community] Education of humanity. The only government which, with a great heart, has taken care of the education of the people is that of the Revolution ( Michele , People, 1846 , 333). I do not yet think that the education of the general public is well begun ( Lhotse , first, 1942 , p.
2. P. Merton.
a) Action to train and enrich the spirit of a person. Education and culture. Synon. teaching, instruction. Huge spread of education. Schools and universities have been built everywhere ( Carrel , L’Homme, 1935, page 16). Worker education centers welcomed men who came to try to acquire a general culture ( Caceres , Historie Educ Pop, 1964 , 147).
– National Education (often with a capital letter). All the public services responsible for the training of young people and more particularly their intellectual formation. Ministry of Education). Synon. aged public education. Renovating the structures and methods of national education ( De Gaulle , Mm. Guerre, 1959 , 124).
b) Education + adj. determ. Initiation of a person to a particular area of knowledge, activity or discipline. Artistic, literary, professional, religious, scientific education. (Quasi-) synod. learning. I do my parliamentary education. It is difficult at forty ( Lamar , Cor-resp, 1834 , 30). His father discovered among his schoolboy books a treatise on sex education ( Aymara , Mare, 1933 , 114). The civic education given to the army is (…) weak ( military service and army ref.,1963, p. 50):
2. The need for lifelong education will increase and it is desirable that lifelong learning be voluntary rather than imposed. Dumazedier, Ripert , Loisir et cult., 1966 , p. 51.
– Physical education. Set of physical and sports exercises designed to ensure the harmonious development of the body. Classes and Physical Education Workshops in Schools ( Gds Ensemble Habits, 1963 , 15).
c) Education of + subst. Development given to a sense, body or faculty by appropriate training and exercises.Education of the will. I am not a gourmet, and the education of my palace was unfortunately a little neglected ( About , King Mt., 1857 , 13). This education of the eye that gives the continuous contemplation of paintings ( Bourget , New Essays Psychol., 1885 , 185). An education of feelings, a training of passions ( Barr’s , Cahiers, 8 , 1909-11 , 160).
3. Outside P., CON. RURAL Art to raise or train domestic animals. Education bees, silkworms ( Ac. 1835-1932 ).Synon. training, breeding. By means of the education of turkeys, farmers pay more easily the price of their leases ( Brillat-Sav. , Physiol., 1825 , 80).
– P. anal. Set of care given to a plant. The education of this plant is difficult ( Ac 1835-1932 ).
P. metaph. :
3. We will show them [Alsatians-Lorraine], I know, that the local plant is moving towards France and that it is there that it finds the sun, the influences, the education which make it one of the most beautiful plants of humanity.Barres , Cahiers, t. 12 , 1919-20 , p. 125.
B.- [Education Considered as Behavior] Knowledge and Practice of Good Manners in Society. Education distinguished, neat. Brave man without education, without good manners ( Flaub , Corresp., 1839 , 47). Ignorant man of low education ( Hugo Miser, 1 , 1862 , 204):
4. Number 12 caught my attention: “Lawyer demands educated person, young, good education , single, for office work. Send photograph. ” Duhamel , Midnight Confession, 1920 , p. 123.
Pronounced. and Orth. : [edykasjɔ]. From Ac. 1694-1932. Etymology. and Hist. A. [1495 J. de Vignay of apr. Bl.-W. 1-5 ]; 1527 “formation, action to educate” ( P. Dassy , Peregrin, f o 5 v o ds Gdf, Compl. ); 1679 have no education ( Rich. ); 1794 physical and moral education ( Stael , Letters div., 554). B. 1763 education of silkworms (Boissier de Sauvages ds Quem File). Pr. in the lat. class. educatio “action of raising (animals and plants); education, instruction, training of the mind “. Freq. abs. litter. : 4 484. Freq. rel. litter. : Xix e s. : (a) 8,038, (b) 7,660; xx th century a) 6 467, b) 4 216.
Educational, she, adj., Rare. Regarding education. Synod. Usual educational. Variety of educational practices or care given to babies, which vary according to the milieu, rural or urban, according to social class or occupational group( Trait social., 1968 , 416). – Only transcr. ds Litter : e-du-key-sio-nil, fem. -Do-the. – 1 re attest. 1873 ( Time ds Little Suppl. ); of education, sough. -e *. – Freq. abs. litter. :